Heavy water

Experiments in mice, rats, and dogs The mode of death appears to be the same as that in cytotoxic poisoning (such as chemotherapy) or in acute radiation syndrome (though deuterium is not radioactive), and is due to deuterium's action in generally inhibiting cell division. mehr

Acute radiation syndrome

These diseases are sometimes referred to as radiation sickness, but they are never included in the term acute radiation syndrome. mehr

Acute radiation syndrome

Classically acute radiation syndrome is divided into three main presentations: hematopoietic, gastrointestinal and neurological/vascular. mehr

Acute radiation syndrome

Under the assumption, survivors of acute radiation syndrome face an increased risk developing cancer later in life. mehr

Acute radiation syndrome

This could reduce erythema to the fingers, but the extra few centimeters distance from the body will give little protection from acute radiation syndrome. mehr

Acute radiation syndrome

Ingestion of radioactive materials caused many radiation-induced cancers in the 1930s, but no one was exposed to high enough doses at high enough rates to bring on acute radiation syndrome. Marie Curie died of aplastic anemia caused by radiation, a possible early incident of acute radiation syndrome. mehr

Acute radiation syndrome

Within 25–30 days of the explosion, the Red Cross surgeon noticed a sharp drop in white blood cell count and established this drop, along with symptoms of fever, as prognostic standards for Acute Radiation Syndrome. Her death on August 24, 1945 was the first death ever to be officially certified as a result of acute radiation syndrome (or "Atomic bomb disease"). mehr

Acute radiation syndrome

REAC/TS shows 417 accidents occurring between 1944 and 2000, causing about 3000 cases of acute radiation syndrome, of which 127 were fatal. mehr

Acute radiation syndrome

Thousands of scientific experiments have been performed to study acute radiation syndrome in animals. mehr

Sievert

The deterministic (acute tissue damage) effects that can lead to acute radiation syndrome only occur in the case of acute high doses (> ~0.1 Gy) and high dose rates (> ~0.1 Gy/h) and are conventionally not measured using the unit sievert, but use the unit gray (Gy). mehr

Ionizing radiation

Examples are: radiation burns, and/or rapid fatality through acute radiation syndrome, chronic radiation syndrome, and radiation-induced thyroiditis. mehr

Louis Slotin

He received a lethal dose of radiation and died of acute radiation syndrome nine days later. mehr

Roentgen equivalent man

The deterministic effects that can lead to acute radiation syndrome only occur in the case of high doses (> ~10 rad or > 0.1 Gy) and high dose rates (> ~10 rad/h or > 0.1 Gy/h). mehr

Absorbed dose

Conventionally therefore, unmodified absorbed dose is not used for comparing stochastic risks but only used to compare against deterministic effects ("severity" of acute tissue effects that are certain to happen) such as in acute radiation syndrome. mehr

Daigo Fukuryū Maru

Aikichi Kuboyama, the boat's chief radioman, died less than seven months later on September 23, 1954, having suffered along with the 22 other crew members of acute radiation syndrome (ARS) for a number of weeks after the Bravo test in March. mehr

Nuclear-powered aircraft

One inadequately solved design problem was the need for heavy shielding to protect the crew from acute radiation syndrome. mehr

Chernobyl disaster

On the death toll of the accident, the report states that twenty-eight emergency workers ("liquidators") died from acute radiation syndrome including beta burns and 15 patients died from thyroid cancer in the following years, and it roughly estimated that cancer deaths caused by Chernobyl may reach a total of about 4000 among the 5 million persons residing in the contaminated areas, the report projected cancer mortality "increases of less than one per cent" (~0.3%) on a time span of 80 years, cautioning that this estimate was "speculative" since at this time only a few cancer deaths are linked to the Chernobyl disaster. mehr

Radiophobia

While such radiation is harmful (i.e. radiation-induced cancer, and acute radiation syndrome in higher doses) comment poor information or understanding, but also as a consequence of traumatic experience, may cause unnecessary or even irrational fear. mehr

Effects of the Chernobyl disaster

The report concludes that 134 staff and emergency workers suffered acute radiation syndrome and of those 28 died of the condition. mehr

Brother in the Land

Ben becomes ill and dies of acute radiation syndrome: Danny and Kim bury him in the garden of an empty house. mehr

Alexander Litvinenko

He became the first known victim of lethal Polonium 210-induced acute radiation syndrome. mehr

Yuri Felshtinsky

In November 2006, Litvinenko died in London of acute radiation syndrome, three weeks after being poisoned with polonium-210. (See Poisoning of Alexander Litvinenko). mehr

Radiobiology

Eben Byers, a famous American socialite, died of multiple cancers (but not acute radiation syndrome) in 1932 after consuming large quantities of radium over several years; his death drew public attention to dangers of radiation. mehr

Radiobiology

Within 25-30 days of the explosion, the Red Cross surgeon noticed a sharp drop in white blood cell count and established this drop, along with symptoms of fever, as prognostic standards for Acute Radiation Syndrome. mehr

Cleveland BioLabs

It specializes in research and development of products with the potential to treat cancer and protect against death following acute radiation syndrome. mehr

Treatment of infections after exposure to ionizing radiation

In addition to infections due to neutropenia, a patient with the Acute Radiation Syndrome will also be at risk for viral, fungal and parasitic infections. mehr

Radiation-induced cancer

This contrasts with the deterministic effects of acute radiation syndrome which increase in severity with dose above a threshold. mehr

Radiation-induced cancer

In addition to conventional fatalities and acute radiation syndrome fatalities, nine children died of thyroid cancer), and it is estimated that there may be up to 4,000 excess cancer deaths among the approximately 600,000 most highly exposed people. mehr

Radiation-induced cancer

Curie later died of acute radiation syndrome, not cancer. mehr

StemRad

They were inspired to create the company by the Chernobyl disaster where many of the firemen and engineers who were first on the scene died from high doses of gamma radiation in an illness known as Acute Radiation Syndrome (ARS), also known as radiation sickness. mehr
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